In this Ukrainian language and history lesson, discover українське козацтво –  Ukrainian Cossacks. Learn new words and phrases, improve your listening skills, and discover Ukrainian culture with our Short Ukrainian History Course from Ukrainian Lessons Podcast!


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In this Ukrainian Lesson you will:

  • listen to my introduction and review the previous урок історії;
  • listen to the third part of the Short Ukrainian History Course about the Ukrainian Cossacks;
  • relisten to this chapter in smaller chunks with my explanations and comprehension questions; 
  • try to solve a short quiz to test your understanding;
  • find out about the oldest universities in Ukraine!

Дякую, що слухаєте! – Thanks for listening!

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Енциклопедія: Important historical terms from this episode

Study these important terms before listening to the episode:

  • Запорожжя (literally “beyond the rapids”) – a historical region in central Ukraine below the Dnieper River rapids, around modern Ukrainian city of Запоріжжя.
  • Січ – an administrative and military center for козаки and especially for the Zaporozhian Cossacks. The word “sich” derives from the Ukrainian verb сікти, “to chop” – with the implication of clearing a forest for an encampment, or of building a fortification with the trees that have been chopped down.
  • Військо Запорозьке – Zaporozhian Host (army).
  • Стамбул – Istanbul, a major city in Turkey.
  • Кафа – a city in Crimea in the 10th-15th centuries. Now it is called Феодосія.
  • Османська імперія – The Ottoman Empire.
  • Битва під Хотином 1621 року – the Battle of Khotyn – was a series of battles between a Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth army and an invading Ottoman Imperial army.
  • Гетьман – a highest military officer in Zaporozhian Host.
  • Гетьманщина – Hetmanat – was a Cossack state in Central Ukraine between 1649 and 1764 founded by the Богдан Хмельницький.
  • Богдан Хмельницький – a Hetman of the Zaporozhian Host who led an uprising against the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and its magnates (1648–1654) that resulted in the creation of a state led by the Cossacks of Ukraine.
  • Переяславська угода 1654 року – the Treaty of Pereyaslav – is an alliance the Hetman state under Bohdan Khmelnytsky concluded with Tsar Aleksei Mikhailovich during the Cossack-Polish War.
  • Цар – Tsar – is a title used to designate East and South Slavic monarchs or supreme rulers of Eastern Europe.
  • Правобережна Україна – a historical name for a part of Ukraine on the right (west) bank of the Dnipro River, corresponding to the modern-day oblasts of Vinnytsia, Zhytomyr, Kirovohrad, as well as the western parts of Kyiv and Cherkasy.
  • Лівобережна Україна – a historic name of the part of Ukraine on the left (East) bank of the Dnipro River, comprising the modern-day oblasts of Chernihiv, Poltava, and Sumy as well as the eastern parts of Kyiv and Cherkasy.
  • Доба Руїни – The Ruin – a historical term for the political situation in Ukrainian history during the second half of 17th century.
  • Іван Мазепа – the Hetman of Zaporizhian Host in 1687–1708 famous for his participation in the Battle of Poltava against the Russian empire.
  • Петро І – Peter the Great – ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from 1682 until 1725.
  • Північна війна – The Great Northern War (1700–1721) – a conflict between the Swedish Empire and the coalition led by the Tsardom of Russia.
  • Карл XII – Charles XII, the King of Sweden from 1697 to 1718.
  • Полтавська битва 1709 року – one of the most important battles during Північна війна – the Great Northern War.

Transcript, Vocabulary List, and Flashcards!

Become a premium member to get access to all the useful lesson notes! The PDF includes:
  • Full transcript & translation of all the introduction and the lecture in history;
  • Encyclopedia: important historical terms explained;
  • Exercises: fill-in the blanks, comprehension quiz, vocabulary practice;
  • Vocabulary List: new words from the episode in a chart with English translation.

As a premium member, you also get access to:

  • The lesson notes of the episodes you subscribe to;
  • Private Community on Facebook for the free practice of Ukrainian;
  • Digital flashcards with all the new words every 10 episodes!
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Anna Ohoiko

Привіт! Мене звати Анна. I am a Ukrainian linguist, teacher, and the Ukrainian Lessons founder. My biggest hobby is to learn foreign languages and my passion to teach the most beautiful one. I also enjoy traveling, cooking and being with my friends and family.

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